资源

糖,超重和肥胖研究

资源类型: 研究

对数据的系统回顾和元分析显示 高糖摄入量之间的联系, 超重和肥胖是由能量摄入调节的. 这方面的证据还在不断增加, 专注于特定的糖,比如果糖, 和千焦耳的来源, 例如加糖饮料. 

 

重点研究

巴克莱啊 & Brand-Miller J. (2011). The Australian 肥胖 paradox: A substantial decline in sugars intake over the same time frame that overweight and 肥胖 have increased. 营养,3 (4):491 - 504.
The prevalence of 肥胖 has tripled in Australians since 1980. 在澳大利亚, 英国和美国, per capita consumption of refined 蔗糖 decreased by 23%, 从1980年到2003年,分别为10%和20%. 在澳大利亚, there was a reduction in sales of nutritively sweetened beverages from 2002 to 2006 and a reduction in percentage of children consuming sugar-sweetened beverages between 1995 and 2007. The findings confirm an “Australian Paradox”—a substantial decline in refined sugars intake over the same timeframe that 肥胖 has increased. The implication is that efforts to reduce sugar intake may reduce consumption but may not reduce the prevalence of 肥胖.

Brand-Miller J & 巴克莱啊. (2017). Declining consumption of added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages in Australia: a challenge for 肥胖 prevention. 美国临床营养学杂志, 105(4):854-863.
在澳大利亚, 4 independent data sets confirmed shorter- and longer-term declines in the availability and intake of added sugars, 包括由ssb提供的资料. The findings challenge the widespread belief that energy from added sugars or sugars in solution are uniquely linked to the prevalence of 肥胖.

Te Morenga L, Mallard S & Mann J (2013) Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies. BMJ, 345: e7492.
在对不限制饮食的成年人的试验中, a reduced intake of dietary sugars was associated with a decrease in body weight, while an increased sugars intake was associated with a comparable weight increase. The authors concluded the change in body fatness that occurs with modifying intakes seems to be due to changes in energy intakes, since replacing sugars with other carbohydrates (of equal energy) was not associated with weight change.

 

其他的研究

利文斯通公里 & McNaughton SA. (2017). Dietary patterns by reduced rank regression are associated with 肥胖 and hypertension in Australian adults. Br J减轻,117 (2):248 - 259.
肥胖 prevalence was inversely associated with low dietary energy density (DED), high fibre and high sugar (natural sugars) diets and positively associated with low-fibre and high sugar (added sugars) diets. Hypertension prevalence was higher on low-fibre and high sodium and saturated fat diets. 

Rippe JM & 上地TJ. (2016). Sugars, 肥胖, and cardiovascular disease: results from recent randomized control trials. J J nur, 55:45-53.
这是对随机试验的回顾, systematic reviews and meta-analyses does not support a link between sugar consumption at normal levels and various adverse metabolic and health effects, 包括那些使用能量调节激素的, 肥胖, 化学汽相淀积, 糖尿病, 肝脏脂肪积累和神经反应. 

Rippe JM & 上地TJ. (2016). Added sugars and risk factors for 肥胖, 糖尿病 and heart disease. Int J Obes, 40:S22-S27.
人类饮食中正常的添加糖(例如, 蔗糖, high-fructose corn syrup and isoglucose) when consumed within the normal range of normal human consumption or substituted isoenergetically for other carbohydrates, 难道不会出现导致肥胖的独特风险吗, 糖尿病或心血管疾病.

汗助教 & Sievenpiper杰. (2016). Controversies about sugars: results from systematic reviews and meta-analyses on 肥胖, 心脏代谢疾病和糖尿病. 中国石油化工学报,55(增刊2):25-43.
The authors conclude sugar content should not be the sole determinant of a healthy diet as there are many other factors in the diet, some providing excess calories while others provide beneficial nutrients. 而不是只关注一种能源, Gpk电子游戏应该考虑整个饮食对健康的好处.

秋VL,哈V & Sievenpiper杰. (2015). 糖和肥胖:是糖还是卡路里? 营养通报,40(2),88-96.
Attention needs to remain focused on decreasing overconsumption of all foods associated with overweight and 肥胖. Sugar‐sweetened beverages and foods are certainly an important place to start but should not draw attention away from the issue of overconsumption in general.

Ahmad R, Mok A, Rangan AM, at al. (2019). Association of free sugar intake with blood pressure and 肥胖 measures in Australian adults. 欧洲营养学杂志. 中国农业大学学报(自然科学版).
A higher free sugar intake from beverages was positively associated with BMI, 腰围和腰高比, while free sugar intake from non-beverage sources was inversely associated with these outcomes. Higher free sugar intake from all food source was associated with a reduced risk of high blood pressure.

黄吗, & 路易JCY. (2018). The direct and indirect effect associations of usual free sugar intake on BMI z-scores of Australian children and adolescents. 临床医学杂志,72:1058-1060.
Free sugar intake was not associated with BMI z-score in this cohort. Instead of focusing on a single energy source in the diet, improving the quality of the whole diet may be a better approach in tackling childhood 肥胖.

Ambrosini GL, Johns DJ, Northstone K等. (2016). Free sugars and total fat are important characteristics of a dietary pattern associated with adiposity across childhood and adolescence. J减轻,146 (4):778 - 784.
An energy-dense dietary pattern high in total percentage of energy from total fat and free sugars is associated with greater adiposity in childhood and adolescence.

普林茨P. (2019). The role of dietary sugars in health: molecular composition or just calories? 中华临床医学杂志,33 (3):416 - 423.
Current data indicates that dietary sugars are only associated with an increase in 肥胖 when consumed as an excess source of calories, and with that an increase in the risk of diet-related diseases.

 

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