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有哪些不同类型的糖?

Most of the sugar available in Australia and New Zealand is produced from the sugar cane plant. Sugar is also produced from sugar beets in other parts of the world like America. 澳大利亚甘蔗工业的产量约为350个,000 hectares of sugar cane which produces over 4 million tonnes of sugar each year.

而新西兰不种植甘蔗, both Australia and New Zealand have sugar refineries to process the bulk raw sugar from sugar mills. It’s at the refineries that this non-food grade raw sugar is processed to produce the many different types of sugar.

Many of us are familiar with common sugar types we purchase from the supermarket. 粗糖, brown sugar, white sugar, castor sugar and icing sugar can all be found in our pantries. 说到营养, sugars from all sources are digested in the same way and provide a similar amount of energy, 或焦. 微量元素的含量可能会有微小的变化, for example brown sugars contain molasses which provides a very small amount of naturally occurring minerals.

Here we take a look at the different types of sugars that can be produced from sugar cane and also the range of other sugars produced from different plants like coconut, 水果和树木的汁液. 

白色的糖

白糖广泛用于食品生产和烘焙. The fine granules found in white sugars are ideal for cooking and baking. 它们是厨房里最受欢迎的糖, 面包店, 餐厅和食品加工制造设施遍布各地.

Below are some of the types of white sugars produced in Australia and New Zealand. 

砂糖
砂糖是一种大多数人都很熟悉的糖. 也被称为精制的, 白糖或蔗糖, 这种类型是最常用的烘焙和烹饪食谱. 砂糖来自甘蔗,是100%的蔗糖. 更多关于蔗糖的信息,请参阅Gpk电子游戏的文章.

施法者糖
细砂糖是一种具有细晶体的砂糖. 这种糖是做糖浆的理想原料, 鸡尾酒和烹饪, 随着小, 较细的晶体溶解得快. This type of sugar is often used for making delicate desserts that require a smooth texture such as mousse, 布丁和蛋白糖饼. Like granulated sugar, caster sugar comes from the sugar cane plant and is 100% sucrose. 

糖粉
糖粉, also called confectioner’s sugar or icing sugar is granulated sugar that has been ground to a smooth, 细粉. Often a small amount of corn starch is added to prevent the sugar from clumping or caking. Used extensively in baking it's often found in icings, confectionery and for making whipped cream.

糖果酱设置
制作果酱很受欢迎, 果酱和酸辣酱, jam setting sugar is specifically blended to help ensure jams and chutneys set well and have the firm, 厚实的果酱口感Gpk电子游戏都很熟悉. Jam setting sugars are a mixture of sugar, pectin, acidity regulators and vegetable oils. 

砂光糖
Sanding sugar is a specialist sugar that can have either large or fine crystals. Sanding sugar is mainly used for decorating and has been produced to look more polished so that it reflects the light well. Sanding sugar often comes in a range of vibrant colours to add sweetness and ebullience to a range of different food types.

棕色的糖

Brown sugars contain some of the molasses that remains after the sugar cane refining process. 这种糖蜜赋予了红糖独特的颜色和味道, 同时也提供了少量的矿物质. Brown sugars are used extensively in food manufacturing, cooking and baking.

粗糖
粗糖, is produced from sugar cane and has a slightly darker colour and a larger grain size than 白糖或蔗糖. 它由98%的蔗糖和2%的水和灰(矿物质)组成. 原糖经过最低限度的加工,有一种更软的、类似蜂蜜的味道. 原糖被用于许多食品中, particularly those where the colour of the sugar adds to the product in which it is used. Turbinado糖和Demerara糖都是原糖.

浅棕色和深棕色的糖
红糖用于许多烘焙食品和酱汁中, 添加一个富, molasses flavour to food products as varied as gingerbread to baked beans. Brown sugars tend to clump more than raw or white sugars as they contain more moisture. 这种水分也有助于烘焙食品保持耐嚼的质地. 

粗糖糖
也称巴巴多斯糖, muscovado sugar is very dark brown in colour and has a particularly strong molasses flavour and smell to it. Muscovado sugar has a sandy texture and tends to be slightly more coarse and stickier than regular brown sugar. 

Rapadura糖
Rapadura糖 is made from evaporated cane juice and has a rich caramel flavour. 是糕点和糖浆的完美搭配, 这种用途广泛的糖可以用来做甜味和咸味的菜肴. 

液体糖

液体糖是万能的, 保存良好,并在不同类型的范围内, 味道和颜色. 味道十足, liquid sugars can help add taste and colour to your baked goods as well as preventing them from drying out and extending shelf life. 

糖浆
烘焙食品的完美搭配, 亚洲美食和流行的调味料, 这黑暗, reddish syrup has a caramel-toffee flavour due to the amount of molasses in this liquid sweetener. It’s made from sugar syrup (liquid sucrose) that has been broken down partially into glucose and fructose.

蜜糖
比金黄色的糖浆味道更浓,色泽更深, treacle has a distinctive colour and flavour that can give hints of liquorice and smoke. It’s a versatile syrup that’s great for baked goods, puddings and sauces.  

其他类型的糖

While most of the sugars we eat on a regular basis are derived from sugar cane in Australia and New Zealand, 还有其他类型的糖来自于一系列的植物, 削弱了和动物, 并且可以用来添加甜味, 颜色和味道适合您的菜肴.

蜂蜜
Gpk电子游戏都很熟悉这个有钱人, sweet nectar that’s made by one of the most important animals on our planet, 蜜蜂. 金和甜, 带着花香, honey is one of the most versatile sweeteners and has been used for thousands of years to sweeten foods and drinks.

枫糖浆
它是由枫树的汁液烹制而成的, 这么厚, 甜液体是薄饼和华夫饼最受欢迎的配料. It’s mainly produced in Canada and contains a range of naturally occurring minerals.

日期糖浆
枣糖浆是一种甜甜的、柔软的糖浆,味道类似于蜂蜜. It’s made by adding water to palm dates to help extract the date nectar and then filtering and evaporating to reach the desired consistency.

椰子糖
由椰子花的花蜜制成, 这种细糖有焦糖的味道,通常有细小的颗粒. 它融化后会变成一种独特的榛棕色, 是什么给一系列甜点和开胃菜增添了色彩和风味. 

龙舌兰糖浆
The Agave plant is native to Latin America and areas of the Southern United States. 这种植物的糖分经过发酵可以制成龙舌兰酒. Agave syrup is made by extracting the sap of the agave plant and then heating, 过滤和精炼液体以制成糖浆.

高果糖玉米糖浆
High fructose corn syrup is not commonly used in Australia and New Zealand, 但在美国很常见. 它可以在冰淇淋等一系列产品中找到, 从糖果、蛋糕到软饮料, 面包和饼干. It’s made from corn starch via a chemical process that produced a high syrup that has a high proportion of fructose compared to glucose.

 

参考文献

澳大利亚和新西兰的食品标准. 食品成分数据库-第1版.0. 于2021年5月12日访问: http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/science/monitoringnutrients/afcd/pages/default.aspx

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